Many reputed companies are looking forward to manufacturing Self-driving cars for the consumer. Self-driving vehicles have gained popularity these days for good reason.
Since the technology has upgraded, the new technological advancement has been made in vehicles industry. Fortunately, driverless cars have become the subject for people, and it might be the biggest revolution in the industry, and undoubtedly everyone wants to have experience of these cars.
Driverless cars have too many advantages and make people’s life easy in every possible way.
However, it solves various problems, including traffic collisions, traffic delays, and more caused by driver error. But it doesn’t stop there, driverless vehicles are changing the marketplace with different sorts of new and exciting applications for industries, like transportation, shipping, and emergency transportation.
Further, Self-driving cars have a bright future, and we have to learn a lot and how they will change the automotive industry. In this article, we’ve put together a guide that will explain everything you need to know about when self-driving cars will be available, how they work, and the most significant challenges. Let’s learn about it!
When will Self-driving cars be available?
In the past, most companies had aimed to manufacture Self-driving cars, and they had continued their vision with more advancement in the vehicle industry. Everyone thoughts that self-driving vehicles would be available in 2020 or might be in 2021, but now 2020 had gone, and we didn’t see yet Self-driving cars hit the road in 2021.
However, many industry experts and analytics have made optimistic predictions about when self-driving cars will be available for consumers.
For this purpose, various industry reports revealed that many companies like Tesla and Waymo had been manufacturing driverless vehicles for the past few years, and they might be launched soon.
On top of that, many developers and manufacturers in the autonomous vehicle field have announced timelines for self-driving cars. However, they continued their research by spending billions of dollars on this technology.
And we expect that the time will come when self-driving cars hit the road and publicly available. We have to wait for the future and get excited using fully driverless vehicles and don’t lose hope.
How do self-driving cars work?
The working of self-driving is not as simple as we think. There are various hardware and software involvements had been made while experiencing driverless cars. Let’s discuss.
- First of all, the driver sets a destination place, and then the software is being used to calculate the complete route and start the car to reach the destination.
- The sensor is called roof-mounted LIDAR uses to monitor the 60-meter range around the car and then creates a dynamic 3-D map according to the current car’s environment in a more precise way. Another sensor on the left rear wheel uses to monitor the car’s sideways movement and quickly
- detect the car’s current location, as mentioned on the 3-D map. Further, to calculate the distance from obstacles, radar systems on the front, rear bumpers use for it.
- Artificial intelligence software connects with all car’s sensors and access Google Street view and video cameras. The AI acts as a driver to make all decisions processed and control driving systems such as steering and brakes.
- In order to take take care of various things like Landmarks and traffic signals, and lights, the car’s software integrates with Google Maps use it.
- Another function is available that allows humans to take control if anything happens while driving. There may be safety risks with Self-driving cars but have a lot of advantage using them.
- The communication system is available for vehicles to share information via a peer-to-peer network while driving on the road.
How much self-driving cars cost?
Most companies announced the estimated cost of self-driving cars. One of the reputed companies called Tesla, currently enables Autopilot features that cost $10,000, or $2,000 estimated according to the company’s Twiter Account.
Undoubtedly, the prices are too high, and autopilot features with vehicles only available soon. The prices may rise in the future because of the abundance of demand for Self-driving cars.
However, Tesla and other smaller firms are looking forward to work on lower-cost systems that will not depend on lidar (sensor). This is a conventional approach, and if it works, the self-driving system is not free of cost due to the hardware and software costs.
What are the challenges with Self-driving cars?
These are the following challenges that we have to face while experiencing Self-driving cars. Let’s jump on it!
Lidar is exclusively the most expensive, and developers are still trying to make the right balance between range and resolution. There are apparent chances that if multiple driverless cars were to drive on the same road with the Lidar signal, their signals might interfere. And if we encounter multiple radio frequencies are available, then frequency range can’t be enough to support the mass production of autonomous cars.
If the weather is in terrible condition and self drivings may drive on the snow road, then lane dividers disappear. And these vehicles are not allowed to go in this bad weather condition because cameras and sensors track lane markings are obscured by oil, ice, or water.
Traffic Conditions and Laws
Traffic conditions and laws are the biggest challenges for Self-driving cars. How will driverless vehicles survive in tunnels or on bridges, and how will they manage in heavy traffic? Will these cars be relegated to a specific lane? Will they be allowed for carpool lane access?
Who is responsible for accidents because of driverless cars hit by someone? Is it due to manufacturer or human passenger? The latest news shows that Level 5 driverless cars will not have a steering wheel function, and vehicles will no longer control by the human in an emergency.
Artificial vs. Emotional Intelligence
When cars driver by humans, they mostly rely on non-verbal communication like taking care of pedestrians and predict the other driver’s activity through their facial expressions. Now self-driving with Artificial intelligence feature, will these cars able to do this kind of judgment? And they also take care of others while driving as humans do. We have to wait and see what comes next?